Found in the rift valley to the north of Mount Kenya is Samburu National Reserve. The area is gently low lying due to lava flow that resulted from volcanic activities. The climate here is hot and semi-arid. Acacia trees are dominant in the region while animals such as zebra, buffalo, lions, leopards, hyena, giraffe and others are in large numbers. It is one of the sanctuaries with a characteristic large number of birds. Crocodiles and hippos are sheltered in a river crossing the park. Due to aridity conditions in the region, animals find water from oases within the park.
Several lodges and camps in the reserve make it distinctive. Adjacent to Samburu National Reserve is Buffalo Springs National Reserve. Rare species of animals in the reserve distinguish it from the rest in the republic. Beisa Oryx, Somali ostrich, grevy’s zebra, gerenuk and reticulated giraffe are the main extinct species found in the reserve unlike in other others. Explorers access the harbor from Nanyuki or using the airstrip available in the buffalo springs.